The Spring Festival and the city of returning migrant workers employment-7470d

The Spring Festival "city" and "employment of returning migrant workers Xiong Bingqi column not to return to Beijing, is too far away from home." Guo Yufeng, a native of Jiangxi, Jiujiang, has been engaged in housekeeping in Beijing. She told reporters that after years later, she plans to open a small restaurant with her daughter-in-law in her hometown, and she can also take care of her grandchildren. Hundreds of millions of migrant workers concentrated back home before the Spring Festival, and they went back to work after the Spring Festival, which is a unique landscape in china. But in the past two years, more and more migrant workers like Guo Yufeng have stopped returning to the city after the spring festival. Migrant workers choose to find jobs or start a business in their hometown has gradually become a trend. (China News Agency, February 8th) due to city life stress, and rural construction creates new opportunities to choose after the Spring Festival no longer return migrant workers has increased, but there is no doubt that the gap between the city and the country where migrant workers in a very long period of time will be far more than from the home city. And prepare for employment or entrepreneurship of returning migrant workers, how to make them truly willing to stay, no longer consider to city development, this is the opportunities and challenges of rural construction at present, in my opinion, in addition to the return of migrant workers employment or entrepreneurship to provide job opportunities and business benefits, a very important aspect is to improve rural education as soon as possible, improve the quality of rural education. According to a survey of migrant workers, there are some people in order to – school children environment — giving their children a better reading from the rural to town, and then to the center of city development is the basic path of rural children in recent years, some rural schools, depressed heart empty, in contrast to overcrowded urban schools the. It can be said that the decline of rural education has accelerated the migrant workers into the city, and migrant workers into the city, and let the rural education more decline – rural schools fewer and fewer students, school running is only low level maintenance. For the migrant workers who are ready to return home for employment or entrepreneurship, this rural education situation is undoubtedly a great resistance unless their children have completed their studies. So we can see that, ready to return home for employment or entrepreneurship, mostly older migrant workers, while those of young migrant workers is not ready to return home, relatively speaking, they can find better jobs in the city, in addition, also want to give the child to find a better school environment. But as everyone knows, the construction of new countryside, is in urgent need of young — the present village, is mainly Laoruobingcan immature, lack of vitality. The problem of weak rural education in China has aroused great concern of the country. In recent years, our government has taken a series of measures to strengthen rural education construction. However, in rural areas, it is still not fundamentally aware of the importance of building rural education for the development of rural areas. Some local governments complain about the lack of talents in rural areas, but they do not want to do well in education. In their view, it is necessary to invest a lot of money in education. Moreover, the education has gone well, but the talents will leave the countryside, and the rural areas can not get the talents. This complaint is not unreasonable, especially the current basic education system, take the entrance education model, is to go to college "escape from the countryside" as a way out of the fate of rural children change. There is a paradox in the countryside: local 4

春节“空城”和民工返乡就业   熊丙奇专栏   “不回北京了,离家太远。”老家在江西九江的郭玉凤之前一直在北京从事家政工作。她告诉记者,年后打算跟儿媳妇 在老家开个小饭馆,同时还可以照看孙子孙女。上亿农民工春节前集中返乡,春节后再度进城务工,是中国一道独特的风景。但近两年,像郭玉凤这样过完春节不再 回城的农民工越来越多。农民工选择在家乡找工作或创业已渐成趋势。(中新社2月8日)   由于城市生活压力大,而乡村建设创造了新的机 会,选择春节后不再回城的农民工确实有增多的趋势,但毋庸置疑,城市和乡村的差距摆在那里,进城务工在很长一段时期还会远远多于从城市返乡。而针对准备返 乡就业或创业的农民工,如何让他们愿意真正留下来,不再考虑去城市发展,这是当前乡村建设的机遇与挑战,在笔者看来,除了给返乡就业或创业的农民工提供工 作机会、创业优惠之外,一个十分重要的方面是,尽快改善乡村教育,提高乡村教育质量。   对进城务工人员的调查显示,其中有一部分人是 为了给子女更好的求学环境―――孩子读书从乡村,集中到城镇,再向中心城市发展是近年来乡村孩子读书的基本轨迹,一些乡村学校凋敝、空心化,与城镇学校的 人满为患形成鲜明对比。可以说,乡村教育的没落,加速了农民工进城,而农民工进城,又让乡村教育更没落―――乡村学校的生源越来越少,办学仅仅是低水平维 持。对于准备返乡就业或创业的农民工来说,这种乡村教育局面,无疑是很大的阻力,除非他们的子女已经完成学业。于是大家所见的是,准备返乡就业或创业的, 大多是年纪偏大的农民工,而那些青壮年农民工并不准备返乡,相对而言,他们可以在城市找到更好的就业机会,另外,也想给孩子找一个更好的求学环境。但众所 周知,建设新农村,迫切需要的是青壮年―――当下的乡村,主要是老弱病残幼,缺乏生机活力。   我国乡村教育薄弱的问题,已经引起国家 的高度关注,我国政府近年来采取了一系列措施加强乡村教育建设。但是,在乡村基层地区,还没有从根本上意识到建设乡村教育对发展乡村的重要性。一些地方政 府抱怨建设乡村缺乏人才,可是他们却不愿意办好教育,在他们看来,办好教育需要大量投入,而且,教育办好了,人才反而会离开乡村,乡村根本得不到人才。这 种抱怨不无道理,尤其是目前的基础教育体系,采取升学教育模式,是把考上大学“逃离乡村”作为乡村孩子改变命运的出路。在乡村存在一个“悖论”:当地基础 教育越发达,地方反而越贫穷。这就要反思我国乡村教育的内容、模式了。   发展我国乡村教育,要把教育的发展与乡村建设结合起来,需要 切实解决两方面问题。其一,要加大中央财政转移支付力度和强化省级财政统筹,改善乡村学校办学条件,尤其是大幅提高乡村教师的待遇,让乡村学校的办学质量 得以提高,这是改善乡村学校办学条件的必然选择,因为地方政府很难靠得住,除了财政实力有限之外,地方政府官员不重视教育投入的现状也难以很快改观;其 二,在高等教育大众化背景下,我国必须改变原有围绕精英教育的基础教育升学教育模式,要针对乡村发展、建设,来改造乡村教育内容,乡村基础教育应该为乡村 地区的发展培养人才,而不是让他们以考大学为单一目标,即便考不上大学,也不愿意在乡村生活,另外,我国应大力推进把一些本科高校或者高职高专院校办在县 上、镇上,这既可以促进高等教育资源的均衡分布,也可把高等教育的发展和地方社会、经济发展结合起来。否则,城乡二元结构下的人才单向流动,以及乡村和城 市的割裂很难融合。   每年春节期间,大城市的“空城”、乡村的“凋敝”、城市的用工荒和农民工返乡,都被热议,现在是需要切实的行动 了。促进城乡均衡发展,让城市和乡村生活能成为每个公民的自由选择,这需要在乡村端多发力,对于乡村,要重视经济建设,但更要打好教育的基础,只有好的乡 村教育,才能唤醒沉睡的乡村,焕发出乡村的生命力。   (作者系教育问题专家) 责任编辑:黄睿 SN224相关的主题文章: