The Junagarh Fort-incubus

Travel-and-Leisure Bikaner is an old city situated in the northwest of the state. The city was built in 1488, and holds several attractions as Junagarh Fort, and the Lalgarh Palace. Junagarh Fort was an unassailable fortress, which has never been conquered. The fort is renowned for its magnificent architecture, design and decoration. This imposing fortress was built in1593 A.D by Raja Rai Singh, Army General of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. He was also the sixth ruler of the city of Bikaner, who ruled it from 1571 to 1612 AD. This fort is a rare example of a medieval period monument. One of the striking features of the fort is that it is encircled by a moat. The moats are 20 – 25 feet deep and an elevated wall of 14.5 feet wide and 40 feet in height also encircles the fort. There are two gates of the fort namely Karan Pol and Suraj Pol. This magnificent structure is a perfect blend of Rajput, Gujarati and Mughal styles of architecture and mirrors the rich culture of Rajasthan. Its architectural beauty beautifully reflects in its carvings, wall paintings, stucco, stone inlay works, glass work, lacquer work and wooden ceiling. Inside the fort, there are 37 palaces, temples and pavilions, which are built in red sandstone. The palaces are famous for its exquisitely carved windows, balconies, towers and kiosks. This fortified fort was constructed with well-planned defensive barriers and barricades for defensive purposes. There are several stunning apartments inside this royal structure. Junagarh Palace is located within the fort is an elegant structure, which was later modified and added to by successive rulers. It was built with red sandstone and marble. In the mid 18th century Gaj Singh contributed the Chandra Mahal (Palace of the Moon) with its mirrors, carved panels and paintings and Phool Mahal (Palace of Flowers) with its flower motifs inlaid with mirrors. Less affected by war and destruction, they could concentrate more on the arts and the famous Bikaner school of painting flourished. Several artifacts and the decorations in the king’s bedrooms are still intact, revealing their love for art and beauty. An arched doorway leads to the Joramal temple. Tar Mandir is the royal chapel where royal weddings and births were solemnized. The fort also houses some very spectacular palaces like Anup Mahal, Ganga Niwas and Rang Mahal etc. The Anup Mahal was built by Surat Singh which is a beautiful palace with wonderful carvings in red sandstone on the walls and ceilings. The Har Mandir is the majestic chapel for the royal family for worshipping their gods and goddesses. Karan Mahal was built by Karan Singh in 1680 to mark his victory over the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The Karan Mahal is known for its design and decoration of stained glass windows, intricately carved balcony built in stone, wood fluted columns, inlaid polychrome glass and intricate mirror patterns decoration. Chandra Mahal is a lavishly decorated room of this fort. This is a luxurious room and was the royal bedroom which is renowned for its gold plated deities and paintings inlaid with precious stones. Some of the other famous attractions of the fort are Ganga Mahal, Badal Mahal, and Zenana quarters. The fort .plex also houses a museum, Ganga Mahal, which is an array of a rich collection.This museum contains a fine collection of antique Rajput weaponry, jade handle daggers, camel hide ‘dhals’ (shields) and inlaid handguns and camel guns. Gold and silver ‘howdahs’, ‘jhulas’, ‘palkis’ and a First World War biplane are on view. These palaces within the Junagarh fort .plex make a picturesque ensemble of courtyards, balconies, kiosks and windows dotted all over the structure. This fort is attacked several times but never been conquered. Only Kamaran, who was able to capture the fort but couldn’t even retain his hold for more than 24 hours. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: